Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of questions

Interview as a technique of gathering information: strategy of questions

It’s important to distinguish interviews as a technique of gathering information and interviewing as being a genre. In the 1st instance, interview, this is certainly, communication with individuals, is regarded as three straight ways to have information with a researcher. Two different ways are:

  • observation, if the researcher himself is definitely an eyewitness associated with the event,
  • dealing with documents, in which the document means any material provider texts that are containing pictures.

Forms of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a way of data gathering in change are divided in to:

  • genre (for planning of text within the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the characteristics of an individual, then to reflect them into the text).

The reportage meeting ended up being talked about within the previous chapter. In regards to the investigative will be told when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of this chapter is meeting being a genre, as a way of text formatting by means of questions from the interviewer as well as the responses associated with interlocutor. During the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the amount of concerns associated with the researcher is minimized (often they are no after all), during the other pole – a discussion, once the journalist not just asks questions, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.

The fact the meeting is a discussion, suggests in regards to the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A discussion may be conducted by a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so your viewpoint with this journalist had been also interesting to readers, whilst the viewpoint associated with interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Forms of interviews with respect to the subject. Topic interview

According to the subject, you can find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the topic interview is their state of things in every field of task. Often that is a job interview with a specialist, a genre of logical publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to the journalist just as much as he could be associated with this continuing state of affairs. As an example, a police officer informs how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. The physician describes just how to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis will likely to be regarding the change. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on problems that deviate through the interview topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of great interest.

The dwelling associated with topic interview comprises of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s experience of the topic. Then there’s a parsing for the subject for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The subject interview ends because of the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical suggestions to readers.

The hero of this interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the event. This is certainly a given information meeting, among the news genres. The duty for the journalist would be to learn whenever you can the information and details of what took place. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.

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